Sampling and Analytical Methods for Nanotechnology

Standards and Analytical Methods

These methods are current as of the day of the posting of this page.  For a current list of available methods go to the website listed.
 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) located at http://www.asme.org/. The Nanotechnology Page is located at http://nano.asme.org/  

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) located at http://www.astm.org/. The Nanotechnology Standards page is located at http://www.astm.org/Standards/nanotechnology-standards.html .

  • E 2456-06 Terminology for Nanotechnology (free with registration)
  • E2535-07 Standard Guide for Handling Unbound Engineered Nanoscale Particles in Occupational Settings
  • E2578-07 Standard Practice for Calculation of Mean Sizes/Diameters and Standard Deviations of Particle Size Distributions
  • E2524-08 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Hemolytic Properties of Nanoparticles
  • E2525-08 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effect of Nanoparticulate Materials on the Formation of Mouse Granulocyte-Macrophage Colonies
  • E2526-08 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Cytotoxicity of Nanoparticulate Materials in Porcine Kidney Cells and Human Hepatocarcinoma Cells
  • E2490-09 Measurement of particle size distribution of nanomaterials in suspension by Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (PCS)
     

Standards Under Development

  • WK8997 Standard Practice for Analysis of Hemolytic Properties of Nanoparticles
  • WK9326 Standard Practice for Evaluation of the Effect of Nanoparticulate Materials on the Formation of Mouse Granulocyte-Macrophage Colonies
  • WK9327 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Cytotoxicity of Nanoparticulate Materials on Porcine Kidney Cells
  • WK9952 Standard Practice for Measuring Length and Thickness of Carbon Nanotubes Using Atomic Force Microscopy Methods
  • WK10417 Standard Practice for the Preparation of Nanomaterial Samples for Characterization
  • WK21915 Zeta Potential Measurement by Electrophoretic Mobility
British Standards Institute (BSI) located at: http://www.standardsuk.com/gclid=CPKMyIvq6p4CFVw55QodnTEAKg
 
  • PAS 71:2005 Vocabulary — Nanoparticles
  • PAS 130:2007 Guidance on the labeling of manufactured nanoparticles and products containing manufactured nanoparticles  
  • PAS 131:2007 Terminology for medical, health and personal care applications of nanotechnology
  • PD 6699-1:2007 Nanotechnologies – Part 1: Good practice guide for specifying manufactured nanomaterials
  • PD 6699-2:2007 Nanotechnologies – Part 2: Guide to safe handling and disposal of manufactured nanomaterials
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) located at http://www.ieee.org/portal/site .  Nanotechnology Standards page is located at http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/nano/.
  • IEEE 1650TM-2005, Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Electrical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes
     

Standards Under Development

  • P1690TM, Standard Methods for the Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes Used as Additives in Bulk Materials

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) located at http://www.iso.org/iso/home.htm

  • ISO/TS 27687:2008: Nanotechnologies – Terminology and definitions for nano-objects – nanoparticle, nanofibre, and nanoplate
  • ISO/TR 12885:2008: Nanotechnologies — Health and safety practices in occupational settings relevant to nanotechnologies
  • ISO/TR 27628:2007 :  Workplace atmospheres -- Ultrafine, nanoparticle and nano-structured aerosols -- Inhalation exposure characterization and assessment 

Standards Under Development

  • ISO/AWI TS 10797: Nanotubes — Use of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • ISO/AWI TS 10798: Nanotubes — Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) in the charaterization of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • ISO/CD 10801: Nanotechnologies — Generation of nanoparticles for inhalation toxicity testing
  • ISO/CD 10808: Nanotechnologies — Monitoring nanoparticles in inhalation exposure chambers for inhalation toxicity testing
  • ISO/NP TS 10812: Nanotechnologies — Use of Raman spectroscopy in the characterization of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • ISO/NP TS 10867: Nanotubes — Use of NIR-Photoluminescence (NIR-PL) Spectroscopy in the characterization of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • ISO/NP TS 10868: Nanotubes — Use of UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectroscopy in the characterization of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • ISO/AWI TS 10929: Measurement methods for the characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)
  • ISO/AWI TS 11251: Nanotechnologies — Use of evolved gas analysis-gas chromatograph mass spectrometry (EGA-GCMS) in the characterization of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • ISO/AWI TS 11308: Nanotechnologies — Use of thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) in the purity evaluation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT)
  • ISO/AWI TS 11751: Terminology and definitions for carbon nanomaterials
  • ISO/AWI TR 11808: Nanotechnologies — Guidance on nanoparticle measurement methods and their limitations
  • ISO/AWI TR 11811: Nanotechnologies — Guidance on methods for nanotribology measurements
  • ISO/NP TS 11888: Determination of mesoscopic shape factors of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)
  • ISO/NP 11931-1: Nanotechnologies — Nano-calcium carbonate — Part 1: Characteristics and measurement methods
  • ISO/NP 11937-1: Nanotechnologies — Nano-titanium dioxide — Part 1: Characteristics and measurement methods
  • ISO/NP 12025: Nanomaterials — General framework for determining nanoparticle content in nanomaterials by generation of aerosols
  • ISO/NP TS 12144: Nanotechnologies — Core terms — Terminology and definitions
  • ISO/NP TS 12805: Nanomaterials — Guidance on specifying nanomaterials
  • ISO/NP TS 12808: Nanotechnology — Terminology for the bio-nano interface
  • ISO/NP TS 12843: Nanotechnologies — Terminology for medical, health and personal care applications
  • ISO/NP TS 12901: Nanotechnologies — Guidance on safe handling and disposal of manufactured nanomaterials
  • ISO/NP TS 12921: Nanotechnologies — Terminology and definitions for nanostructured materials
  • ISO/NP 13013: Nanotechnologies — Terminology for nanoscale measurement and instrumentation
  • ISO/CD 29701: Nanotechnologies — Endotoxin test on nanomaterial samples for in vitro systems
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) located at http://www.nist.gov/index.html.  The Nanotechnology Portal Page is located at http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/nanotech.htm
 

Standards and Reference Materials

Nanotech Regulatory Document Archive is located at http://nanotech.law.asu.edu/ .  This archive is searchable by country.  This archive consists of research results, guidance for safe handling of nanomaterials and regulatory actions.
 

General Information on Nanotechnology Safety and Health