The coronavirus, originally known as 2019-nCoV, was first detected in Wuhan City in China’s Hubei Province in late 2019 and spread globally. In February 2020, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses named the virus "severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2," or SARS-CoV-2, due to its genetic relationship to the virus that caused the SARS outbreak in 2002-2003. The official name for the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 is COVID-19.
Resources that industrial hygienists and other occupational health and safety professionals may find useful during the coronavirus outbreak and recovery are below.
CDC Vaccine Toolkit Resources
The CDC has provided a toolkit to help community-based organizations and employers educate their essential workers and volunteers about the vaccines now available to the public.
Who are these toolkits for?
These toolkits are designed for:
- Employers of essential workers. Essential workers perform duties across critical infrastructure sectors and maintain the services and functions that U.S. residents depend on daily. Examples of the many essential workers include police officers, firefighters, and people working in education, child care centers, and grocery stores.
- The staff of organizations serving communities affected by COVID-19. These CBOs could include social service organizations, faith-based organizations, YMCAs/YWCAs, fraternities, school organizations (e.g., PTAs/PTOs), meal delivery services, senior centers, and others.
There are a variety of resources available in these toolkits that can be used virtually and in-person, including:
- Key messages
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Digital posters (printable)
- Social media messages and graphics
The CDC will continue to update these toolkits, so check back frequently for updates and new material.
COVID-19 Resources from AIHA
AIHA is providing the following resources, created and vetted by the AIHA member community, for public use during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.
Tools for Healthy Schools
EPA Indoor Air Quality Tools for Healthy Schools
The EPA's Practices and Principles for Maintaining Healthy Learning Environment web series outline the best ventilation and cleaning practices for reducing the spread of viruses and bacteria in schools. Register to view them free on-demand.
Other EPA Resources:
- Indoor Air Quality in K-12 Schools: Addressing the Concept of Layered Risk Amidst COVID-19
- School IAQ Assessment Mobile App
- IAQ Tools for Schools Guidance
- IAQ Tools for Schools Action Kit
- IAQ Tools for Schools Framework and Technical Solutions
- IAQ Tools for Schools Preventive Maintenance
- IAQ Master Class Professional Training Webinar Series
- IAQ Knowledge-to-Action Professional Training Webinar Series
- IAQ Tools for Schools Connector E-Newsletters and Emails
National Safety Council launches SAFER Task Force
Respirator Fit Testing
Novel Coronavirus Resources
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- COVID-19 Vaccine Toolkit Resources
- How COVID-19 Spreads (updated with airborne transmission information)
- Cleaning and Disinfecting Your Facility
- Healthcare Infection Prevention and Control FAQs
- NIOSH SARS-CoV-2 and the Workplace with John Howard (recorded webinar)
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Burn Rate Calculator
- Environmental Cleaning and Disinfection Recommendations
- Resources for Businesses and Employers
- Frequently Asked Questions about Personal Protective Equipment
- Strategies for Optimizing the Supply of N95 Respirators
- Interim U.S. Guidance for Risk Assessment and Public Health Management of Persons with Potential Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Exposure in Travel-associated or Community Settings
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
- Expanded Temporary Enforcement Guidance on Respiratory Protection Fit-Testing for N95 Filtering Facepieces in All Industries During the Coronavirus
- Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for COVID-19 (Spanish)
- Prevent Worker Exposure to Coronavirus (Spanish)
- Worker Exposure Risk to COVID-19 (Spanish)
- Steps All Workplaces Can Take to Reduce the Risk of Exposure to Coronavirus (Spanish)
- Enforcement Guidance for Respiratory Protection and the N95 Shortage Due to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic
- Temporary Guidance on the enforcement of OSHA’s Respiratory Protection standard:
- Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for COVID-19
- 1910.134 App D - (Mandatory) Information for Employees Using Respirators When not Required Under Standard
World Health Organization (WHO)
- FAQ: How is it transmitted?
- Vaccine Equity Declaration (and social media toolkit)
- UPDATED Guidance for Health Workers and Administrators resource center
- Advice on the use of masks in the context of COVID-19
- Severe Acute Respiratory Infections Treatment Centre PDF (Manual to set up/manage SARI treatment and screening facilities)
- WHO Risk Communication Resources for Epidemics
- WHO Daily situation reports (global)
- Rational use of personal protective equipment for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
- Rights, Roles, and Responsibilities of Healthcare Workers
- Infection Prevention and Control during Healthcare When Novel Coronavirus (nCoV) Infection Is Suspected
- Occupational Safety and Health in Public Health Emergencies
- ePROTECT Respiratory Infections (video): This two-hour online course provides a general introduction to acute respiratory infections and basic hygiene measures to protect against infection.
- COVID-19 risk communication package for healthcare facilities
- Cleaning and Disinfecting Efforts - To Reduce Risk of Transmission in the Workplace (Dropbox link) by HealthCare Consulting & Contracting (HC3)
- HPAE guide to spotting fake masks: Fake Face Mask Guide for HPAE Members
- NORA Manufacturing Sector Council COVID-19 Workgroup Ventilation Strategies to Reduce the Risk of COVID-19 in Manufacturing (PDF)
- ACGIH Ventilation for Industrial Settings during the COVID-19 Pandemic (white paper)
- Far UV-C in the 200 – 225 nm range, and its potential for disinfection applications (White paper from the International Ultraviolet Association (IUVA))
- Operational Toolkit for Businesses Considering Reopening or Expanding Operations in COVID-19 (Johns Hopkins University)
- Annals of Internal Medicine: Why N95 Should Be the Standard for All COVID 19 Inpatient Care
- ILO issues guidance for safe, healthy, return to work during COVID-19
- N95DECON, a scientific consortium for data-driven study of N95 filtering facepiece respirator decontamination
- 3M video guide to filtering bioaerosols by filtering facepiece respirators
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Novel Coronavirus Resources list
- FEMA Coronavirus Emergency Management Best Practices
- AIP Webinar: The Truth About COVID-19 (YouTube)
- AAOHN and AFCI Partner to Launch “Face Covers for Worker Safety” Initiative (PDF)
- ISA Health & Safety Update for Manufacturing Facilities free webinar (Slide deck)
- National Council for Occupational Safety and Health Coronavirus Resources for Workers
- Prediction models from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
- EACO Emerging and Existing Pathogen Cleaning Best Practices (PDF) This guideline document is not specific to COVID-19. To allow for a wider use of this Guideline it was determined that the broader term “pathogen” was more appropriate.
- Restoration Industry Association, with the IICRC, releases report for restoration contractors offering disinfection services.
- EPA: Disinfectants for Use Against SARS-CoV-2
- How to disinfect frequently touched surfaces: free to download posters from American Chemistry's Council's Water Quality & Health Council
- 3M: Respiratory Protection for Airborne Exposures to Biohazards
- Council of Canadian Academies: Influenza Transmission and the Role of Personal Protective Respiratory Equipment: An Assessment of the Evidence
- The Change Foundation: Protecting the Faces of Health Care Workers: Knowledge Gaps and Research Priorities for Effective Protection Against Occupationally-Acquired Respiratory Infectious Diseases
The National Institutes of Health now has a Coronavirus research database: LitCovid. This is a curated literature hub for tracking up-to-date scientific information about the 2019 novel Coronavirus and is the most comprehensive resource on the subject, providing a central access to more than 1,300 (and growing) relevant articles in PubMed. The articles are updated daily and are further categorized by different research topics and geographic locations for improved access.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
The JOEH is published in both print and online to enhance the knowledge and practice of occupational and environmental hygiene and safety, advancing and protecting worker health worldwide.