Based on industry sector, professionals earn the most, on average, as Independent Consultants ($135,023), followed by those employed in Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology ($117,106) and Energy ($116,404). Those employed in Government/Military earn less on average ($96,291) with those employed in Academia, who earn just slightly more ($96,587). The salary depends on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, and years of experience you have. A certified (credentialed) professional earns $14,000 more per year than those that perform similar duties but don’t hold certification. As an example, CIH and CSP professionals make $20,000 more per year compared to their colleagues that do not hold these certifications.​​